A root canal is a treatment to repair and preserve a critically damaged or infected tooth. It is also known as endodontic therapy. A root canal is a procedure of disinfecting the infected area of the tooth by removing the damaged area of the tooth. The root canal therapy may also be needed to repair deep tooth decay, a crack or even a root fracture. During the procedure the endodontic drills the damaged tooth to remove the pulp and the nerve and then fill and seal it to preserve any further damage. The tooth that requires a root canal is actually considered as a dead tooth and the root canal is just a procedure to preserve a dead tooth. You should go for a root canal if necessary because saving the natural tooth is the best option
Symptoms of a root canal infection
The first and most common symptom that shows the need of Root canal is a toothache (Not all tooth pains are the indication for a root canal). The harshness of the pain can range from minimal to acute. The pain may get severe when you apply some pressure or chew something. Some patients may suffer prolonged sensitivity to hot or cold edibles. Some patients may experience the darkening of the tooth and the swelling in the gums.
Procedure of a root canal treatment
A root canal is actually a very complicated treatment and it may involve multiple visits over time.
If your dentist suspects root canal therapy he will first go for an X-ray to examine the infection or the tooth decay location. This is one first and important step in any surgery
The anaesthesia is used to make the treatment pain-free for the patient. Anaesthesia is injected on the gum near the affected tooth. A sharp pinch or a burning sensation may felt but it will pass away within no time. You will remain awake but anaesthesia will blunt the area for some time and you won’t feel any pain throughout the treatment.
- Removing the infected pulp
When the affected tooth is blunt the dentist will remove the upper part of the tooth by using a drill. He will drill the tooth until the infected pulp is exposed. Then the dentist will carefully remove the pulp from the canals of your tooth by using specially designed instruments.
After removing the infected pulp the dentist may apply an antiseptic or any antibacterial solution to make sure no infection is left to prevent any infection in future.
A temporary or permanent filling material will be placed to the canal holes which were made for the treatment and then seal off with a special material. Some dentists suggest a crown as a permanent filling as it more long lasting and it prevents the root canal better than any other filling. Crown gives your teeth a natural and better look.
Some caring tips after root canal
If the treated tooth properly cares it could last a lifetime.
- Avoiding chewing hard foods.
- Brush your teeth twice a day.
- Visit your dentist regularly for cleaning.
Risks and Complications of Root Canal
- An undetected crack in the tooth.
- If the antibiotics are not affected or some infection is left behind, it may result in reinfection.
- Inner sealing breakdown over time.